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  • 试题题型【阅读理解 Section C】
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Section C

 Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage.

    We live today indebted to McCardell, Cashin, Hawes, Wilkins, and Maxwell, and other women who liberated American fashion from the confines of Parisian design. Independence came in tying, wrapping, storing, harmonizing, and rationalizing that wardrobe. These designers established the modem dress code, letting playsuits and other active wear outfits suffice for casual clothing, allowing pants to enter the wardrobe, and prizing rationalism and versatility in dress, in contradiction to dressing for an occasion or allotment of the day. Fashion in America was logical and answerable to the will of the women who wore it. Implicitly or explicitly, American fashion addressed a democracy, whereas traditional Paris-based fashion was prescriptive and imposed on women, willing or not.

    In an earlier time, American fashion had also followed the dictates of Paris, or even copied and pirated specific French designs. Designer sportswear was not modeled on that of Europe, as “modem art” would later be; it was genuinely invented and developed in America. Its designers were not high-end with supplementary lines. The design objective and the business commitment were to sportswear, and the distinctive traits were problem-solving ingenuity and realistic lifestyle applications. Ease of care was most important: summer dresses and outfits, in particular, were chiefly cotton, readily capable of being washed and pressed at 加拿大时时彩技巧. Closings were simple, practical, and accessible, as the modem woman depended on no personal maid to dress her. American designers prized resourcefulness and the freedom of women who wore the clothing.

    Many have argued that the women designers of this time were able to project their own clothing values into a new style. Of course, much of this argument in the 1930s-40s was advanced because there was little or no experience in justifying apparel(服装) on the basis of utility. If Paris was cast aside, the tradition of beauty was also to some degree slighted. Designer sportswear would have to be verified by a standard other than that of pure beauty; the emulation of a designer’s life in designer sportswear was a crude version of this relationship. The consumer was ultimately to be mentioned as well, especially by the likes of Dorothy Shaver, who could point to the sales figures at Lord & Taylor.

    Could utility alone justify the new ideas of the American designers? Fashion is often regarded as a pursuit of beauty, and some cherished fashion’s trivial relationship to the fine arts. What the designers of the American sportswear proved was that fashion is a genuine design art, answering to the demanding needs of service. Of course these practical, insightful designers have determined the course of late twentieth-century fashion. They were the pioneers of gender equity, in their useful, adaptable clothing, which was both made for the masses and capable of self-expression.

1.[单选题]What occurred in the design of women’s apparel in America during the 1930s-40s?
  • A.A shift of emphasis from beauty to utility.
  • B.The emulation of traditional Parisian design.
  • C.A search for balance between tradition and novelty.
  • D.The involvement of more women in fashion design.
  • 解题思路:由题干中的apparel和the 1930s-40s定位到文章第三段第二句。该句指出在二十世纪三、四十年代,尽 管几乎毫无经验,人们还是提出以实用性为基础进行服装调整。可见这个阶段主要是从注重美学转变到关注实用性设计以及做出的各种尝试,故答案为A。
2.[单选题]What do we learn about American designer sportswear?
  • A.It imitated the European model.
  • B.It laid emphasis on women’s beauty.
  • C.It represented genuine American art.
  • D.It was a completely new invention.
  • 解题思路:根据题目中的关键词designer sportswear可定位至原文的第二段。该句指出,名牌运动装不像后来的“现 代艺术样,模仿欧洲设计;它是真芷在美国创立并发展的。可见它是一种全新的创造.故答案为D)。因此选C。
3.[单选题]What characterized American designer sportswear?
  • A.Pursuit of beauty.
  • B.Decorative closings.
  • C.Ease of care.
  • D.Fabric quality.
  • 解题思路:根据题干中的characterized和American designer sportswear定位到文章第二段第四至五句。在这两句中作者指出,美式时尚运动装的突出特点就是其充满解决问题的巧思和现实生活的实用性;易于打理是设计的首要考虑。可见这一点是美式时尚运动装的特征,故答案为C),
4.[单选题] What contribution did the women designers make to American fashion?
  • A.They made some improvements on the traditional Parisian design.
  • B.They formulated a dress code with distinctive American features.
  • C.They came up with a brand new set of design procedures.
  • D.They made originality a top priority in their fashion design.
  • 解题思路:细节题。根据题目中的关键词women, designers, American fashion可定位至原文的第一段。这两句指出, 这件设计者奠定了现代着装规范,而名牌运动装设计并非模仿欧洲风格,而是完全在美国本土上产生和发展的,由此可见这些设计师建立了带有独特美国特征的着装规范,因此选B。
5.[单选题]What do we learn about designers of American sportswear?
  • A.They catered to the taste of the younger generation.
  • B.They radically changed people’s concept of beauty.
  • C.They advocated equity between men and women.
  • D.They became rivals of their Parisian counterparts.
  • 解题思路:由题干中的designs of American定位到文章的末段末句。该句指出,之所以说她们是两性平等的先驱主要体现在她们设计的非常实用的、适应性强的既适合大众’又能表达自我个性的服装上。可见 这些设计者赞成男女平等’故答案为c)。
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  • 参考答案:A,C,C,B,C